Choosing a male or female Yorkshire Terrier

As a prospective Yorkshire Terrier buyer, one of the first decisions you need to make is whether a male or female dog is the best fit for you.

There are certain characteristics that most male and female Yorkies will have, and knowing these characteristics will help you make the best decision.

Even if you plan on spaying or neutering your Yorkshire Terrier, it is important to keep in mind the characteristics of both male and female dogs, as they will still be present even after the procedure, although the characteristics will not be as pronounced.

Avoid the temptation to just go with the “cutest” pup or older Yorkie when choosing among Yorkshire Terrier breeders, and try to determine which gender will be best for you and your family.


One of the most obvious physical characteristics of the male dog is that he is generally larger than females of the same breed and eats more. Male dogs are heavier, taller and stronger than female dogs, although this can be of particular concern in larger dog breeds. Usually the size difference will be only a few inches in height, but can be more substantial in weight. Male dogs tend to eat significantly more food than non-pregnant females.

Teacup Yorkies, being so small, tend to eat less, but keep in mind that Teacup Yorkies are not a recognized breed.

Male Yorkshire Terriers can be more aggressive and independent than female dogs. Again, this is a more important consideration in larger breeds than smaller breeds. Some male Yorkies tend to be more difficult to handle in small, confined areas and often do not socialize well with other males. This will be particularly true if there are female dogs in the area that are in heat.

A male Yorkshire Terrier will often form a closer bond with one person, while a female dog tends to bond equally with many people.

Male Yorkshire Terrier puppies will develop sexually faster than females and will show sexual tendencies at a younger age. This is a concern if there are other dogs in the house or in the neighborhood that may go into heat. Male dogs will tend to roam as they can scent females in heat for many miles and, if allowed, may even be off for days at a time in search of females. Neutering your male Yorkshire Terrier will help minimize this problem.

It is possible for the male to become very possessive of the female, even with humans. This can be a concern if he has small children at home or if he doesn’t have the dogs in the kennel. Also, the male may become aggressive towards the female if she is not receptive to his advances. Any breeding pair of dogs should be carefully monitored.

Male Yorkshire Terrier puppies tend to be more difficult to train than females and are more independent by nature. They also tend to be more playful and require more exercise. Male dogs can be more difficult to socialize with other animals and other dogs, and need to start socialization training at a young age.


Female Yorkshire Terriers tend to be smaller than males of the same breed and tend to be less aggressive. However, a female dog guarding a litter of puppies can be just as aggressive as a male. A female Yorkshire Terrier with her first litter should be carefully monitored for the first few weeks, to see how protective she becomes of the puppies.

Females will go into heat at least twice a year for about three weeks. During this time there will be a noticeable discharge of fluid from the female, which is designed to attract the male dog. Neutering the female Yorkshire Terrier will prevent this from happening. If the female is to be used for reproductive purposes, there are products on the market designed to address this issue.

Female Yorkies tend to be less excitable and easier to train. However, they can easily become intimidated or shy if treated harshly or scolded in a harsh or angry tone of voice. Dogs tend to bond with many people. They may be less protective in general than male dogs, however they are also easier to socialize with other animals.

Bitches will fight with other females, but tend to get along with males. Typically, a group of bitches will establish a hierarchy and bond with each other after the initial pecking order is established.


With both male and female dogs, it is important to consider the amount of time, attention, and effort that will go into training the dogs and socializing with them afterward. Both males and females require the same amount of exercise, training, feeding, general care, and love. In addition, regular veterinary checks and annual vaccinations will be required for both sexes.

Deciding on a male or female Yorkshire Terrier is very much a personal decision. Unless the dog is used for breeding purposes, spaying or neutering the animal should be considered as soon as recommended by your veterinarian, to avoid unwanted pregnancies and puppies.

Remember that professional Yorkshire Terrier breeders are also a great source of knowledge.