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5 things to know about business phone systems and what to look for

Before you take on the task of researching the best business phone systems out there, here are some general things to know to help you make the best decision for your business communication needs.

1. PBX based on the premise vs. Hosted PBX

For the most part, there are two types of PBX business phone systems: local and hosted. A premise-based business phone system requires bulky equipment to be stored within your office and is typically seen in larger businesses. Small business owners are recommended to use hosted business phone systems for smooth expansion and cost effectiveness.

2. Expensive equipment is not always necessary

One way your PBX business phone systems save you money is by not requiring you to make expensive hardware purchases. With BYOD (bring your own device), you can use your mobile phone or keep using your existing hardware without any problem. Wiring and cabling are also not required, as hosted PBX business phone systems are powered by your Internet connection.

3. It can increase productivity and help retain customers

You won’t have to worry about missing a message. Many business phone systems have features like call continuity and voicemail to email to ensure you’re always on top of your messages. Cloud receptionist features like auto attendant are also available so you can deliver a better overall customer experience and keep your shoppers happy.

4. Promotes Workspace Flexibility

Modern systems give users the freedom to work from anywhere. These days, you don’t have to have an office to have a business phone system; all you need is a reliable Internet connection and electricity (unless you’re using a virtual PBX and operating directly from your cell phone). It’s also easy to expand your equipment and add extensions, as well as move from one location to another with a simple plug and play solution.

As you search for business phone systems, you’ll come across providers ranging from those that have been around for decades and some that have emerged in the last few years. While we commend the experience, it may not always be best to choose a vendor solely based on its lifespan. Go with a vendor that focuses its efforts on business solutions (some vendors go so far as to focus on small and medium businesses as their primary focus) to ensure your company’s communication needs are met. Check their services and decide whether or not they have what your business needs.

5. Not all business phone systems are created equal

How a PBX phone system can benefit your business
Don’t be fooled by the jargon and highly technical literature you can find on PBX systems. Contrary to popular belief, you don’t have to be tech savvy to learn how to operate a PBX system. If you’re buying hardware from a carrier, chances are you’ll get a preconfigured phone that’s ready to go as soon as it arrives. This makes it possible to simply plug in the device and start making calls with little setup. Wiring and wiring is not required with a hosted PBX system, so installation fees and downtime are not something you need to worry about.

All of these benefits lead to one thing: more savings. With no setup costs or expensive hardware, you can use the time and money you’re saving and put it back into your business. For even more savings, you can choose a virtual PBX phone system that allows you to run your business from your mobile phone using your business phone number. It’s the simplicity and professionalism that many business owners are looking for without the cost of a major PBX phone system provider.

Small Business Phone System Features to Consider
If you’re looking for any limitations that PBX business phone systems bring, it would be that they rely on an Internet connection to function. As long as you use a reliable internet provider, your system will stay up and running; however, many business PBX phone systems offer the ability to forward your calls to an external device, such as your smartphone. It’s an added security feature that gives business owners peace of mind knowing they won’t miss out on an opportunity, regardless of unexpected circumstances. Just like this simple call forwarding feature, there are many services within a small business phone system that can save your business.

Call recording is a great way to keep voice records, just make sure you follow your state’s laws regarding voice recording. It is useful for industries such as travel agencies and medical offices when there is a miscommunication or incident related to an exchange of information over the phone. It is a way to meet compliance standards for certain industries and has been a crucial tool for business owners who rely on record keeping for accountability and training purposes.

You can easily optimize your customers’ calling experience with an automated attendant and personalized call menu. These two features work together to provide callers with relevant information, such as new promotions or upcoming changes to your office hours, and direct them to the people they need to talk to. Callers will appreciate the updates and your positive experience will encourage them to recommend your service to others.

In general, keep it simple. You may not need all the bells and whistles a major vendor might offer, so make sure you understand your specific business communication needs. Look for business phone systems that reduce headaches, not increase them.

Home Kitchen

What type of countertop is best for my kitchen and bathroom remodeling projects?

As an interior designer for home remodels, I often get questions about the pros and cons of different types of countertops. Of course, all types have their good and bad sides, and the overall look you want to achieve with your remodeling project will also be an important factor, as will durability and ease of maintenance. Here is a rundown of the most common types of countertop materials and some of the pros and cons of each:

Granite: Granite is all the rage these days and for a few good reasons.

advantages: It is naturally beautiful, each piece is unique, it is quite abundant, very durable, easy to clean with a damp cloth, hard to break, heat resistant, and comes in a wide variety of colors. It is also not very difficult to maintain. Sealing it every few years is usually all that is needed. Some granite suppliers now have a 15-year or lifetime sealer that can be applied, but this product is more expensive.

Cons: It can be expensive, it can stain, especially lighter colors, and for some people, sealing every few years requires more maintenance than they want. When you buy it, you have to choose your exact slab because you can’t trust that every slab will look the same as your sample.

Engineering quartz: (also commonly known as Silestone, Caesarstone, Zodiac, Hanstone, Cambria, and many others)

advantages: Engineered stone is made up of 93% quartz particles and the remaining 7% is made up of resin and pigments. It is available in a wide range of colors and has a scratch-resistant, non-porous surface. It is easy to maintain, without the repeated sealing that natural stone requires. It also provides a consistent look, as each slab is the same as the next. Since it is solid with no natural cracks or crevices, it is good for food preparation and cleans easily with mild soap and water.

Cons: Expensive, not heat resistant.

Soapstone: Soapstone is a metamorphic rock also known as soapstone. It is made up of three different elements, talc, magnesium silicate and chlorite, so it will be harder or softer depending on the percentage of each of these parts in the piece of soapstone. The more talc involved, the softer the stone will be. It is inert and resistant to acids or alkalis, which is why it is often used for laboratory worktops. It has a soft touch like soap, hence its name. Their color varies from black to dark gray to green and even a bluish color. Being a natural product, it may present variations in color and veining in the slab.

advantages: It is inert and will not be damaged by harsh chemicals, will not stain, adds a casual look to a room, is highly heat resistant, and is commonly used for fireplaces, fire pits, pizza stones, etc.

Cons: Prone to scratches and would need to be repaired by sanding with sandpaper to remove scratches if they bother you. Most people apply mineral oil to soapstone to darken the finish, which means regular maintenance. It’s also a bit pricey, in the range of a medium to high grade granite.

Concrete: Concrete is used these days for many finished products, including designer sinks and countertops. Some homeowners may want to try a DIY concrete countertop, but you may want to rethink that unless you have the skills of a professional to make the forms, reinforce, stain, and seal the concrete. Professionally made concrete decks usually have resins and sometimes aggregates added.

advantages: Concrete can be finished in almost endless colors and edge details, designs can be embedded into the concrete to create a unique look or drainage board, it is highly heat resistant, will usually be seamless and seamless. grout lines, can be formed into any shape, and can be formed with an integral sink.

Cons: Will need to be sealed periodically, while sealing will give you some stain resistance; it can still stain, the concrete can crack or break. Reinforcement can minimize this, but it can still happen, and the labor required to fabricate the top can make it as expensive as granite.

solid surface: (Common brands include Corian, Hi-Macs, Avonite, Wilson Art, Formica, and many others.) Solid surface countertops are man-made and allow for consistency of color and pattern that you don’t get with natural surfaces.

advantages: You are guaranteed a very consistent pattern and color – your countertop will look like the sample you chose – easy to clean – generally durable – integral sinks can be formed with the top – drainage boards can be included in the fabrication – they are not as expensive as many stone products, virtually maintenance free, seams are generally hidden, comes in a wide variety of colors and aggregates.

Cons: May be scratched, not heat resistant, may stain, may not be considered as luxurious as other products.

Stainless steel: A material long used for commercial kitchens, it is now becoming more popular for contemporary home kitchens.

advantages: As the name implies, it doesn’t stain, it’s easy to keep clean, it’s durable, it’s custom built so it doesn’t have to be seams, it’s heat resistant and it gives a very professional and contemporary look.

Cons: can be scratched, dented, cannot be cut, expensive, some people may view it as cold or sterile.

Wood/butcher block:

advantages: Provides a warm, homey feel, comes in a variety of wood colors, is easy to clean, can be restored, and can be less expensive than other types of countertops.

Cons: Must be routinely sealed with mineral oil or beeswax, can cut, scratch, burn or stain, can be damaged by exposure to water over time.

Ceramic or porcelain tile:

advantages– Tile is durable and easy to clean, relatively inexpensive and can be installed by professionals or a few resourceful homeowners, is heat resistant, and comes in a wide variety of colors and textures and almost limitless design possibilities.

Cons: Tiles can crack or chip, grout joints can get dirty or stained, grout joints create an uneven counter surface.

Laminate: Laminate was the countertop standard for a long time, probably because it’s relatively inexpensive, generally easy to clean, and durable with proper use. It has fallen out of favor with most homeowners who now want a more luxurious look. Popular brands include Wilson Art, Nevamar, and Formica. Laminate manufacturers have done an excellent job of creating laminate surfaces that look like solid surface or granite. So for the more limited budget, a good laminate can mimic a high-end look.

advantages: Inexpensive, easy to clean, durable, comes in a wide variety of colors, can mimic high-end products, essentially no maintenance.

Cons: May scratch or chip, may stain, with excessive exposure to moisture; it can detach from its substrate, it is not heat tolerant like stone products and seams are often visible.


LGV and HGV driver training in the UK

If you fancy a life on the road, or if you’ve dreamed of being a truck driver since you were a child, a career as an HGV driver might be for you. HGV drivers employed by a transport company can travel all over the UK and Europe, and the pay is not insignificant either. Newly qualified HGV drivers start at around £14,000, with experienced drivers earning up to £35,000.

So if you’re still interested in training as a HGV driver in the UK, here are some things you need to know.


HGV is, strictly speaking, an older term, as the newer and more official term is LGV, or Large Goods Vehicle. The two terms are used interchangeably, although most people in the UK transport industry (myself included!) still prefer the term HGV. So don’t get confused with HGV and LGV, they mean exactly the same thing.

Requirements for the training of drivers of heavy vehicles

Heavy vehicle licenses for larger vehicles fall into two main classes, C and C+E. A class C HGV is any rigid vehicle weighing more than 7.5 tonnes, while a C+E permit will allow you to drive a larger articulated vehicle with a trailer. You must have a class C license before you can train for your class C+E license, and you must have a standard UK driving license before you can train for any of these. There are some age restrictions, as you must be at least 18 years old to train for a class C license and over 21 for class C+E. You must also undergo a medical exam, which will include an eye exam, to Make sure you are in good health to become a truck driver.

Heavy vehicle driver training: theory test

The UK HGV driver training process is like learning to drive a car as there is both a practical and theoretical test. In the theory test, you will answer a series of multiple-choice questions that test your knowledge of the legal and practical aspects of being an HGV driver. This is followed by a hazard perception test, in which you will be shown a series of video clips and have to click a button when you spot a hazard. There is a maximum score of 75 for the heavy vehicle theory test, with a passing mark of 50.

Heavy Vehicle Driver Training – Practical Test

For the practical test, your ability to drive an HGV vehicle in a variety of conditions will be tested. This will include a variety of turning and reversing maneuvers in a confined space and a period of highway driving. The entire test usually takes 90 minutes. Once you have passed the practical and theoretical exam, you will have your license and you will be ready to start working with a transport company.

Cost of heavy vehicle driver training

The cost of HGV driver training varies. If you already work for a trucking company, they may be able to train you with their own staff at a reduced cost. Independent training at a number of HGV training centers usually costs around £1000, half day and full day classes available. An intensive course of four or five full days is usually enough to prepare someone for the practical exam.

Additional training for drivers of heavy vehicles

Starting in September 2009, you will also need to obtain a driver’s Certificate of Professional Competence (CPC) in order to train as a heavy vehicle driver. This will be a three part test, with two sets of multiple choice questions and one set of case study questions.

If you want to drive a heavy vehicle that transports hazardous materials, you will need to have a Road Dangerous Goods Warning (ADR) certificate, which is valid for five years after which you must take a refresher course. The initial course lasts 5 days and the refresher course 3. This qualification also increases your earning power, as truck drivers transporting dangerous goods can earn higher wages.

Digital Marketing

How to smile through your tears

Fabulous living is about keeping your eyes on the fresh hills of your life plan while staying put to put a heel in front of the difference in the path of ordinary life. But, it is too simple to waste the perception of the goal and also get lost in daily difficulties and failures.

Including daily notes of your life goal in each day’s round can help keep you focused on your goals. Great reminders can add thoughts, compliments, yoga, royal oaths, and also daily inspirational smile quotes.

Inspirational quotes are often incomplete, meaningless thoughts used quite a bit to understand your thinking about its underlying meaning and long promises and powers in your life. As an example, let’s look at President Franklin Roosevelt’s quote: “The only thing we have to fear is fear itself: nameless, irrational, and unwarranted terror.” These words remained part of President Roosevelt’s first inaugural address on March 4, 1933, in the wisdom of the Great Depression. But is it important to read the connection online to understand the logic and use it in your life? Not only is the connection not required, but in my opinion it really is harder to focus motivation on your own issues of concern.

His concerns are not about the crash of 1933, or about World War II, which many people believe Roosevelt was leading into. Whatever he fears, it’s inspiring to be told that fear, strangely the vague anxiety of the unknown, is the real antagonist to having a happy and rich life.

As a further example, consider the words of Helen Keller: “Life is either a daring adventure or nothing.” Helen Keller won by remaining blind and in hiding from the age of 19 months to become an author and civil activist. In that context, the quote should have an added “wow” part: that someone going through those hardships can still speak of a great life as a brave adventure. Although, as an inspiring smile quote to guide her personal life, Keller’s words, regardless of her context, are an excellent prompt to adjust the long-term perspective: all she has here to begin with.

There are often fights over the beginning of an inspirational smile quote. For example, Martin Luther King Jr. may not have said, “Faith is taking the first step even when you don’t see the whole ladder.” Mark Twain very true did not say, “Twenty years from now you will be more disappointed by the things you didn’t do than by the ones you did do.” Does it make you get an inspirational smile at some important or short inspirational quotes because the writer is unknown? For me, the advantage of inspirational smile quotes is often in the words and how I can use them in my personal life, rather than in a traditional context. I see the Faith quote and the Twenty Years quote as a couple of the most inspirational and motivational quotes to see, regardless of what their writers have done.

Inspirational smile quotes can mean uplifting or motivational, pure or functional. Any of the common inspirational quotes, such as the Faith quote credited to Martin Luther King Jr., as several of these points. To make a bigger impact on your life and goals, try incorporating a variety of inspirational quotes.


I hurt my neck paddling!

Yes, you read that right. It is not a lower back injury, but a neck injury. The mechanism is the same, but I wanted to address neck pain in this article. The fact is that you can strain any muscle or joint by doing almost any activity.

In this example, a patient of ours was shoveling snow and turned his head as he raised the shovel to throw some snow to the side. He mentioned that he was careful with his back: bending his knees, using his thigh as a point of support, not lifting too heavy a load, etc. But when he turned his head to the right, he immediately felt the muscles of his on the right side of his neck, from the back and sides of his head to his upper back, sixteen upwards. He said that he felt like a big spasm or cramp.

We have seen this many times before, this same thing can happen in the lower back or in the leg as well. People can sometimes describe it as a “Charlie’s horse” feeling. So why might this happen by doing an activity you wouldn’t think would cause it?

The answer is this: sometimes a muscle or a joint is about to get irritated. Let’s say, for example, that the night before the blizzard you were on the computer for hours; your neck was tense afterwards but it seemed to go away. Then you went to bed and got up early to shovel. Half asleep, while everyone was still in bed, you put on your jacket, hat and gloves, braved the cold and began to shovel.

In the example above, you can see how the shoveler’s neck was probably still sore from the night before (it may have gotten worse while he slept too), then without warming up the muscles a bit (taking a shower or stretching a bit would have marked a big difference), or even drink some water (this obviously helps to hydrate the body, in this case the muscles and joints, which helps prevent injuries). In this case, the individual probably shakes the body up a bit, gets out in the cold, and begins to do a fair amount of physical activity.

Now, I’m not saying that doing this or anything similar will cause a neck or back injury, and I know most of us have been guilty of it in the past. However, if one is in the habit of doing this kind of thing often, one can and will eventually get hurt. I’m going to give you some tips you can use to heal your neck once you strain it, but keep in mind that the real goal is to prevent it from happening. Believe me, I’ve seen people who have pushed themselves so hard or pushed and restrained over and over again that their neck is to the point where it doesn’t heal as easily or as quickly. So, as you can probably guess, my first step in curing a strained neck is to prevent it in the first place.

Neck Sprain/Strain Healing:

1. Try to avoid it and prevent it from happening. This goes especially for those of us who have injured our necks before and have an idea of ​​what causes it.

2. Improve or correct spinal alignment. To do this, see a chiropractor, osteopath, or someone who does this professionally. A massage often helps because a good massage can help relax the muscles and ligaments, allowing the spine to snap back into place.

3. Use natural therapy first. Heat and ice are easy to make, cost nothing, and can be used anytime. In reality, it is rare that a prescription muscle relaxant is needed.

4. Start doing gentle neck stretches once you start to feel better. This will help lengthen the muscles, breaking down muscle adhesions and preventing future strains. The most commonly needed stretch is the head tilt. Slowly bring one ear toward your shoulder until you feel a stretch; hold for 10-20 seconds, relax and repeat.

5. Muscle massage at home. Use your fingertips to find those tight spots to massage. You will find that it is often a “hurt” type of feeling. Once you get a massage or spinal alignment, you’ll have a better idea of ​​how you feel.

6. Use a cervical pillow to sleep. This also helps relax the muscles helping to align the spine. It can and should also be used as one of the neck pain prevention methods.

There you go! The next time you strain your neck or feel a neck spasm coming on, use the tips above. My best recommendation is to use the list above for prevention or spinal maintenance, if desired. We’ve all heard it before, but I’ll say it again: an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure!


Churchill Downs and Aqueduct Racecourses – Different from Each Other

Owned by Churchill Downs Incorporated, Churchill Downs is spread over an area of ​​147 acres and features a one-mile dirt oval and a seven furlong grass field. The racetrack hosts race meetings throughout the spring and fall during the months of May and October. The facility and the popular races it conducts have given Churchill Downs a ranking of five out of 65 racetracks in America by the North American Horse Players Association.

Going back to the history of Churchill Downs, the track is named after Henry and John Churchill, who had leased a portion of the land from their nephew, Colonel Meriwether Clark Jr., president of the Louisville Jockey Club and Driving Park Association. He was introduced to horse racing by his father-in-law Richard Ten Broeck, who was an accomplished jockey for attending the English Derby on Epsom Downs near London. Churchill Downs filled the void that was caused by the closure of the Oakland and Woodlawn racetracks in the region. Clark, having trouble operating the race track due to race setups, sold the race track to a syndicate led by William Applegate in 1893.

Later in 1902, Applegate turned over the race track operation to then-Louisville Mayor Charles Grainger in an effort to keep Churchill Downs from becoming known primarily for gambling. Business was not going well when Col. Matt Winn of Louisville joined a new business union to acquire the facility. Under Winn’s leadership, Churchill Downs prospered, and the Kentucky Derby became a distinguished stake for three-year-old Thoroughbred racehorses.

Since then, there has been no turning back for Churchill Downs, the facility has undergone various renovations and upgrades that have made Churchill Downs not just a horse racing venue, but a full-fledged public entertainment venue. Modernization in recent years has increased seating capacity to nearly 52,000, 77 luxury suites, and new, integrated simulcast areas and other premium venues at the world’s most legendary race track. Churchill Downs also ventured into the music business by hosting the inaugural HullabaLOU Music Festival in July 2010. Other improvements to the racetrack in recent years have included the installation of permanent lights around its famous dark oval for racing. “Downs After Dark” nights that expanded in 2011 to include “Opening Night” of the Spring Meeting.

The other race track under discussion is Aqueduct Racetrack, which is in the New York City borough of Queens. This thoroughbred racecourse first opened in September 1894 and hosts races that generally meet from late October or early November through April. Since the racetrack opened in September 1894 by the Queens County Jockey Club, there have been several renovations and improvements to the facility that were taken over by the Greater New York Racing Association in 1955 along with Saratoga Race Course, Belmont Park, and Jamaica Racetrack.

The Aqueduct Racetrack closed in 1956 and reopened in 1959 after $33 million renovations designed by noted racetrack architect Arthur Froehlich. The racetrack surface also changed several times, the grass infield, which was known as the main grass field, having the grass torn up after the 1975 races to build the new dirt infield. After the new facility was built in 1959, off-track betting in New York City was encouraged to reduce the time the track would sit idle after the end of the racing season.

Aqueduct Racetrack hosts a mix of Grade 1, Grade 2, Grade 3, and non-grade races. There is a racing season that runs from the last Wednesday in October to the first Sunday in May. In recent years, races have been held on the Inner Dirt Track between the Wednesdays after Thanksgiving through the Wood Memorial. Aqueduct has also hosted the Breeders’ Cup, the Jockey Club Gold Cup and the prestigious Belmont Stakes on several occasions. Remsen and Cigar are important races that mark the beginning of winter competition; while the Wood Memorial culminates the winter meeting.

Aqueduct has made horse racing history by being the only site to have had the only triple tie to win a classic race. In the 1944 Carter Handicap race, Brownie, Bossuet and Wait A Bit all finished the line at the same time. In another rare event in an eleven-day race schedule at Aqueduct in April 2006, a tie occurred for each of the three “money” positions (Winner, Place and Spectacle) in three separate races.

In recent years, there have been reports indicating the closure of the Aqueduct race track due to facility operating losses and growth spurts of Churchill Downs and earmarked for designation as a National Historic Landmark. Are the two going in different directions?

Health Fitness

Super Bowl Diet Survival Guide

Super Bowl Sunday is the first big “holiday” of the year that can derail your New Year’s diet and exercise. You feel healthier and you may have already lost a few pounds this year. His clothes fit better and he is eating healthier and exercising more consistently. The Super Bowl party may threaten your weight loss momentum, but you don’t have to let that happen. The key is not to go crazy at the Super Bowl party. If you indulge, here are some tips to keep your waistline lower than the game score.

Don’t go to a Super Bowl party hungry.

pig out before Party. You should overeat healthy foods before any party or any possible situation where you will be tempted with unhealthy foods. Enjoy the game, but not all those unhealthy calories. The chances of eating healthy will be greater if you are not hungry.

Avoid foods that stimulate your appetite

Foods rich in refined carbohydrates or high in sugar increase appetite. These foods push your hunger hormones into overdrive and make you feel hungry. Do not eat bread, nuts or chips before the meal. This increases your appetite and you are more likely to overeat. If you have to eat a slice of bread, eat it during the meal. Eat more protein. While refined carbohydrates increase your appetite, protein has the opposite effect. Start the day with protein. One study showed that people who ate an egg white omelet for breakfast ate 44% fewer calories throughout the day compared to those who ate instant oatmeal.

Avoid high-calorie foods

Pizza and chicken wings are the two most popular foods on Super Bowl Sunday. If you can say “no”, the whole day will be much easier and you won’t feel guilty on Monday morning. There are so many delicious and healthy foods that you can eat instead. Try adding navy beans to guacamole, add fat-free salsa, or mix ranch dressing with fat-free yogurt for delicious dips. Substitute mayonnaise and cheese for hummus and mustard on sandwiches. Try grilling chicken breasts, fish, and vegetables instead of hamburgers and hot dogs. Make fish tacos with shredded lettuce or cabbage. Extra Lean Ground Turkey Chili is hearty, festive, and delicious on its own or served with a veggie hot dog.

Skip the booze

A beer or two may not seem like much, but the extra calories increase your waistline and reduce your willpower. Try the diet tonic with lime. It tastes like a mixed drink and the bitter taste will help curb your appetite.

double your exercise

Although it may take some serious pre-planning, I recommend that you get 1-2 hours of exercise the Saturday before and the Sunday of the Super Bowl. Really, I mean any type of physical activity, not just exercise. Physical activity is loosely defined as anything that moves the body. So shopping, dancing, cleaning, etc. all are considered forms of physical activity. Walking is my favorite physical activity and the favorite of many of my patients. You can do your exercise all at once or in small blocks. The goal is to double your exercise throughout the weekend, any way you can. And the more the merrier, so if you can do more physical activity, I recommend that you do as much as possible.

Exercise at half time

Why not? Take a 15-minute walk around the block while everyone else grabs more of those cold, soggy nachos.

Don’t eat mindlessly

Do not snack or eat chips or pretzels during the game. Do you really want to eat that or do you just want to crunch? Try carrots and celery instead.

Think of soccer as a sport, not an eating and drinking event. Think of those elite athletes on the field… you can treat your body like that of a professional athlete. You can leave this year’s Super Bowl party feeling healthy and strong. And you’ll wake up on Monday morning without a hangover!

Legal Law

Frequently Asked Questions About Juries and Jury Service

For anyone who has faced applying for jury duty, or wondered how it works, this is the article to read. Below you will find a series of frequently asked questions about juries, jury duty and more. If you are concerned about a recent request for jury duty, or have missed your jury duty, contact a trusted criminal defense attorney for advice on what to do next. In the meantime, please read the following questions to get answers to your initial queries.

What is the age requirement for jury duty?

The national age requirement to be an eligible member of a federal court is 18 years. Those over the age of 70 can request to be excused from jury duty.

How did the courts get my information?

Varies from state to state. Check with your county clerk’s office for information on how your city obtains its information for jury duty. For example, in Indiana, they use the state voter registration and the Supreme Court jury list to find potential jurors.

Is jury duty mandatory?

Yes, jury duty is mandatory and you must attend; however, it is not technically illegal for someone not to show up, so there are no criminal consequences.

What happens if I don’t show up?

If you do not show up after receiving an official citation, there are no legal consequences or penalties; instead, you will simply be placed back in the jury pool for future selections.

What happens if I can’t make my citation date?

In the initial questionnaire (Juror Qualification Questionnaire), you are not yet being summoned. The actual call will come at a later date, after the second questionnaire. When you receive the second questionnaire (Federal Court Jury Duty Questionnaire), you can list the dates you cannot serve in Part 1, Question #7. If you cannot meet most of the requested one-month deadline, you will need to complete a hardship application form. If you are unable to serve due to a medical condition, please submit a Physician’s Statement with your initial questionnaire (Jury Qualification Questionnaire).

What is the difference between a trial and a grand jury?

Grand juries are different from trial juries because they meet to determine whether or not there is sufficient probable cause to prosecute. They do not rule on guilt or innocence. In fact, grand juries only hear arguments from the prosecution, not the defense.

What kind of case will I be on?

Most cases are civil, but you may find yourself in a criminal case. He won’t know anything until the introductory jury meeting.

I already served on a jury in a county court. Why am I called to serve again?

You must also serve in federal court. Then you’re exempt from jury duty.

I already filled out a questionnaire. Why do I have to fill another?

Sometimes the Federal Court Jury Service Questionnaire comes months after the Jury Qualification Questionnaire. And since their information might have changed in that time, they send out a second questionnaire to confirm accuracy.

I completed the questionnaire, but forgot to send it within the 10-day deadline. What do I do now?

Just send it as soon as possible. The courts understand that people are going out of town, going on vacation, or have other circumstances in their life, so there is no penalty, you will just be on a waiting list.

Lifestyle Fashion

My husband says it’s over between us. What do I do when it’s not over for me?

I recently heard from a very distraught wife whose husband had recently told her that he was no longer in love with her and that their marriage was “over.” Basically, he said something like, “I don’t want to hurt you, but it’s over between us. It’s over a long time ago and we tried our best, but our marriage is ending and there’s nothing either of us can do about it.” that. I’d like to part ways as friends, but we definitely have to part ways because there’s nothing between us anymore.”

This was the conversation the wife feared the most. She knew that things hadn’t been good in her marriage for quite some time. But she had no idea that her husband was going to tell her that it was completely over. She said, in part, “Well, I guess he’s telling me it’s over for him, but not for me. I still love him. I feel like if he gave our marriage a chance, we could come together.” together and make this work, but he was so practical that I don’t think there’s much I can do to change his mind.

Unfortunately, many women in this situation chose between two options. Or they allow their devastation to make them think that things are hopeless and that they should just give up, knowing that their lives will never be the same. Either they launch a big campaign to win him back or change his mind. The only problem is that they are often downgraded to the negative or overly dramatic to achieve this, which may well do more harm than good.

In my experience and opinion, neither of these two very common and understandable options are the best option. I think there is a better way and I will explain it in the next article.

Decide how to proceed when your husband says it’s over for him when you know it’s not over for you: The problem here (as you well know) is that you can’t control how another person feels. You don’t have access to his brain or his heart, so you can’t “make” him change his mind. But what you can do is try to change their perceptions and opinions.

Although this is complicated. That is why it is so important that you proceed and react very carefully right now. Because you’re not likely to change his perception of you and the relationship from negative to positive by acting desperate, stressing that you can’t live without him, and arguing that he’s wrong in his opinion that it’s over.

You can’t afford to seem out of control, desperate, weak, or unattractive right now. Instead, you’ll need to pull yourself together, maintain your self-esteem, and present yourself as someone who manages and is in control. Sure, he most likely knows that you’re very upset and don’t want to leave the marriage. But it’s also likely that he’s waiting (and preparing) for you to break down and desperately trying everything he can to change your mind. Hopefully, you’re not going to do this, but know that if you did, I probably wouldn’t perceive you as particularly attractive or desirable.

The questions to ask yourself when you want to convince him that the marriage is not over: It is important to ask yourself some questions at this time. You need to know what problem or perception stands in your way the most. In other words, what makes her husband think he’s finished? Because this is the perception you need to start changing.

However, when I say that you need to change it, I do not mean that you should do it by insisting or insisting on it. You don’t want to stress yourself out or draw too much attention to your problems. You want to quietly undermine them on your own with your own actions and behaviors so that he begins to wonder if maybe he was wrong or acted too quickly.

The other thing to ask yourself is what attributes or things attracted your husband to you when you started your relationship. You must call on these things right now because clearly they were once very powerful forces.

Make this strategy seem natural and not forced: I know I’m throwing a lot at you and there’s a lot to consider. However, despite this, any action you take should look and feel natural and genuine. If he thinks you’re acting out or just trying to manipulate him, then all of a sudden you have even more to overcome.

You want to move slowly and you want to set it up so you can be your true self in the most flattering of settings. Yes, you may have to have patience combined with strategy for this to seem to happen naturally. What you’re trying to do is give your husband natural, unforced glimpses of a woman he thought she no longer existed.

You want to surprise him and disarm him. You want to make him question what he thought he knew. He wants her to wonder if maybe his perceptions were wrong and his actions were too quick. This may not happen overnight and often it does not. But between the time he tells her it’s over and the time the divorce is final, it’s often weeks or months instead of mere days. He doesn’t rush and don’t let his feeling of pressure make him act or seem desperate, doubtful or clingy.

Perception is reality right now. If it’s not over for you, there’s nothing that says you can’t try to pull yourself together and focus on the positive. This might work to bring him back and give him another chance, and if not, it’s certainly better than giving up and despairing. In my opinion and experience, it is definitely worth a try.


English Mastiff Breeders – 4 Questions to Ask Them

You are ready to add an English Mastiff to your family and would really like to see this happen as soon as possible; as painless as possible. I’ll be honest; If you really want an exceptional Mastiff, it may take a bit longer to find a quality English Mastiff breeder first. Once you do, you’ll be guaranteed a high-quality, healthy Mastiff companion for years to come.

If you search the web, you will find many self-proclaimed mastiff breeders, but are they really worth it? It’s nice to have a variety of breeders to choose from, but you have to rule out armor masters, so here are some tips to get you started.

1. Ask the breeder how long they have been breeding English Mastiffs

Experience is a good indicator of the breeder’s dedication to the English Mastiff. He is looking for someone who has at least five years of experience; the more the better.

2. What other breeds do they breed?

If an English Mastiff breeder is serious about the breed, they will specialize. A red flag should be raised if the breeder is breeding more than three different breeds. The more specialized, the better in this case.

3. Ask the breeder about the quality of the mastiffs they breed, if they are sample quality or just for pets

You are looking for a quality pet, but this does not necessarily mean “show quality”, it could simply mean that the mastiff must come from a long line of high genetics and the best breeding standards. Any show-quality dog ​​will have offspring that do not meet the “show-quality” cutoff; this question will clarify the true goal behind the breeding.

4. Ask them about their bloodline and history of any genetic diseases.

Every breed is prone to certain diseases carried by their genetics, English Mastiffs are no exception. However, good breeders strive to breed the healthiest dogs with desirable traits. If the breeder can talk at length about the bloodline of his Mastiff puppies, then he will know that his goal is quality.

This interview can be done over the phone in 10 minutes or less. After several calls to different breeders, you should be able to list the ones you want to follow up with in person and the so-called English Mastiff breeders that just don’t cut it.

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