Download BIN list in Excel or query using API

A BIN list can be downloaded in Excel format to use as a database, or it can be consulted directly using an API. How does this work?

The BIN database, also commonly known as the Bank Identification Number database, is used for card verification. Any credit or debit card issued by a bank will have its information captured in the database. The database is then used as a tool for verification purposes. In other words, the card being used will be compared to the information in the database. If it is correct, the transaction will be approved. If found to be incorrect, the transaction will be instantly declined.

As you can see, the database can be a very useful tool if you are handling transactions online. What happens if the card being used is stolen? Without a BIN list, you will never know, until the bank notifies you that the charge was refunded.

A chargeback occurs when the rightful owner of the card files a dispute with the bank. He or she can claim that the transaction is unauthorized (as is the case when a card is stolen) and that the transaction is fraudulent. The bank is likely to side with the consumer. When that happens, the bank issues a charge and the funds are returned to the card owner. The retailer will be responsible for the return fees. What happens to the merchandise that has already been sent to the customer? The responsibility lies with the retailer to get it back. As you can imagine, this task is fraught with difficulties. It is a route that most business owners would prefer to avoid. Goods can sometimes cost up to thousands of dollars per transaction and the experience can be extremely painful.

To avoid such cases, a BIN database can be downloaded and used to prevent card fraud. Traditionally, the database is only available in Excel format. This is a common database format and most developers would have no problem integrating the database with the back end of an e-commerce website.

But some business owners just don’t want the hassle of having to update the database on a regular basis. For these business owners, they have another option. They can now submit queries directly to the database through an online API.

The API is a great solution because business owners don’t have to deal directly with the database. All updates are handled by the service providers. To use the database, simply send a request using the API and the service provider will return a response in XML format. It may seem a bit technical at this point, but it is actually an easier solution to implement compared to a database.

Home Kitchen

Kitchen cabinets: when the interior and the exterior are equally important

Since cupboards are used to store things and food, they also need to be as clean as possible for health reasons. In the following lines we give you some tips to achieve this feat.

First things first: the exterior

Sometimes the exterior surface of your cabinets accumulates a layer of dirt, especially near the handles.

To clean them quickly, mix one part vegetable oil and two parts baking soda. Dip a cloth or sponge and rub the surface. You can also use an old toothbrush for a detailed cleaning.

When the inside is more important than what the eye sees

When cleaning the inside of your cabinet, you must empty its contents. It is like preparing the field.

If your cabinets are not painted, you can mix some mild soap and water in a bucket. Wash the inside of the cabinet, scrubbing where needed, with a cloth or sponge.

Sometimes we put food and other items in our closets and accidents happen. If you have oil spills inside them, rub the surface with the scrub side of your sponge. The same works for stubborn dirt.

Remember that dirt can’t clean dirt, so rinse your sponge or get dressed frequently.
After cleaning, towel them dry, then use a lint-free cloth for a finishing touch.

If your cabinets are actually painted, dust them off and test in an almost hidden spot to see if your soap and water mixture will remove the paint. If not, do what we suggested above; if so, use only water.

If your cabinets are made of metal or vinyl, it’s time to use a spray cleaner instead of the water mixture. Spray cabinets and then wipe debris with a sponge or cloth.

Of course, put the contents of your cabinets back where they belong!

Additional tips!

You can take advantage of your cabinet’s vacuum – replace any contact paper, cork, or other broken cabinet liner. Then put the content in it.

You can even re-wax your cabinets. Generally, a deep cleaning removes the old wax. Use simple non-silicone waxes and polishes. By doing this, you will be sure that no layer of dust will accumulate on your cabinets.

Do you want to share with us some of your experience while cleaning your kitchen? Let us know in our comment section!


Is it time for a purely electric car to become commonplace?

Electric cars have gone from science fiction thrillers to our day to day. They are all around us. For those willing to make the leap to the all-electric car, gasoline-electric hybrid cars are a good alternative. Millions of hybrids have been sold and many millions are waiting to be sold.

Electric cars are a trend

Pure electric vehicles are surely gaining ground in the market. Last year in Great Britain alone some 13,000 electric vehicles were sold. This is not a momentous figure, but it is enough to justify a broader infrastructure and more investment in R&D in new electric car models. Two things that could prevent a potential EV buyer from buying are cost and lack of sufficient charging stations.

Cost of electric cars

The increasing popularity of electric vehicles will change the cost dynamics of these cars. The price of electric cars is dropping with each passing year. The best examples of this change are reflected in the current prices of the electric version of the Mitsubishi Outlander and Renault Zoe. In fact, prices are falling and in the next five years the premium charged for the electric version of standard or hybrid cars may disappear.

Electric vehicle charging infrastructure

This has been the second biggest hurdle. Most electric cars have a 100-mile range at best before needing a charging station. This infrastructure is now found in and around the large cities of most developed countries. It’s certainly not as convenient as stopping at a gas station to fill up your tank, most electric charging points have the capacity to charge two cars at once, but with 3000 charging stations in the UK alone, it has been become feasible to travel for a long time. distances with electric cars. In the UK alone, there are 700 quick-change stations that will charge your car to 80% in just half an hour.

One obstacle in this is that each manufacturer has chosen a different type of connector. There is a great need for all electric car manufacturers to standardize a connector as all gasoline and diesel vehicles can be filled with the same nozzle all over the world. With seven different types of connectors in use for different electric vehicles, you can’t be sure whether the connector used in your car will be available at the charging point on your route. A word of advice: do not go to a charging station without consulting the Zap map before any trip, as it contains this information.

How to charge your car

It is always a good idea to hire an electrician to check if your circuit will be able to handle the load of the regular nightly load. If you can’t, work with him to build capacity. Once this is done, you can let your car charge overnight while you sleep. You don’t have to do this setting alone. Not only can you get a government grant to defray these expenses, but many manufacturers will do the setup for you as part of your electric car buying package. If you don’t have parking at your home, garage, or off-road, most governments in the developed world will give you a grant to install a public charging point near your residence or office. You can supplement night charging with daytime charging at public charging points.

There are two types of charging available at public charging points: fast charging that takes three to four hours or fast charging that takes around half an hour. Too many fast charges are not recommended as they reduce battery life.

Are electric cars the wave of the future?

The answer is definitely yes. The pioneers who have taken the step are now paving the way for the rest of us. With governments encouraging consumers through tax breaks and subsidies and manufacturers competing with each other to create ever-longer-life batteries, one can only imagine that in a decade or two we could have electric cars that will need to be charged every thousand. miles or so. So all you will need is a nightly charge. Then we can save our fossil fuels so that our future generations obtain important petrochemicals for everyday use.

Digital Marketing

Won’t turn pink in the can

Once Upon a time

There is an apocryphal story about a tuna canning factory in the early 20th century. Canned salmon was the top-selling fish in most of the US A tuna cannery executive compared all the characteristics of his tuna to the characteristics of canned salmon. One of the biggest differences was color. The tuna was white and the salmon pink.

Rather than trying to convince prospects why they should buy tuna over salmon, he simply added a great headline to all of his tuna ads: “Won’t turn pink in the can.”

Tell the truth

The beauty of this phrase was that the advertising executive was making a factual statement. He left the reasoning as to why it was factual for would-be consumers. The salmon was pink when the can was opened, did that mean something was wrong with the fish? The can? The whole process of bringing salmon to consumers?

This story has been told in many different ways: tuna vs salmon, white salmon vs sockeye salmon, even albacore vs pink tuna. It doesn’t matter which version you have heard or which version you say. While the topicality of this story has been discredited several times, the truth of what remains. So much so that in the past two decades, actual marketing executives have used phrases like “A fat-free food” on packages loaded with sugar and carbohydrates (the human body stores them as fat), or “No added sugar” or ” No added salt “in foods naturally loaded with those ingredients.

These are simple examples, ones that are close at hand that I can extract and show you. However, not all examples have to have the negative potential that these phrases have.

Be assertive

I mention this because I have a potential customer who is looking for a way to differentiate their products from their competitors. You don’t have to make sentences that start with “We are different because …” or “We are better because …”

Find something positive to say about your product or service, something that sets you apart from your competition, and ask it out loud and proud. Choose something irrefutable, something that cannot be proven to be false. Use this as your positioning statement and make sure your truth sets you apart from the competition. After that, it’s up to you to tell prospects why that position is better or better than the competition.


Financing of the family limited partnership

A family limited partnership is generally financed with specific assets. Real estate provides the ideal investment, but not all assets are suitable for transfer to society. With respect to corporate partners, the shares of the S corporation cannot be owned by a partnership. The partners do not recognize gains or losses when they contribute property to the partnership in exchange for their partnership interests. Additional capital contributions do not generate a loss or profit for the partners or the partnership.

When a partner contributes capital or assets to the partnership, the partner receives an interest in the partnership based on the partner’s contribution as a percentage of all contributions. Any additional contributions will increase the partner’s share and all other shares must be adjusted accordingly.

Donation of association units

The easy division of the interests of the society into units offers the possibility of transferring assets to family members within the annual exclusion available from the gift tax which is $ 14,000 per year per donee for 2014-2015 or the equivalent The unified credit exemption is $ 5,340,000 in 2014 and $ 5,430,000 in 2015. There are valuation discounts that can be used to reduce the value of the partnership units by 20 to 40 percent for gift tax purposes.

Three types of valuation techniques are generally used to calculate the fair market value of an interest in a closed entity. The market method (also known as the comparable sales method) compares the closed company with unknown share value to similar companies with known share value.

The income method (or discounted cash flow) discounts the anticipated future income of the company whose shares are being valued to present value. The net asset value (or balance sheet) method is generally based on the value of the company’s assets net of its liabilities.

The market method or income method is most often used when the closed company conducts an active trade or business. Net asset value is most often used when a closed business primarily has real estate or investment assets and is not conducting business or business.

The value of a gift to a donee is the gift’s fair market value when it is made, not the fair market value that it once was or may one day be. In income resolution 93-12, the IRS agrees that a minority interest in a limited partnership with restricted property rights for the limited partner qualifies for a discount from the fair market value of the underlying assets. This allows parents to give considerably more to their children within the gift tax exclusions and without loss of control.

To be eligible for the discount, the limited partner’s interest must be considered a minority interest (discount for lack of control) and / or not freely transferable (discount for lack of marketability). IRC §2036 (b) includes gifts in the taxable estate of the donor of corporate shares in a controlled corporation in which the donor retained the right to vote the shares. There is no corresponding tax code section for the interests of the company.

Donors may want to structure transfers, or gifts, of limited partnership units to qualify for the current unified credit waiver equivalent as noted above. These transfers do not have to meet the criteria as gifts with present interest, but disposition of the estate at the time of death is generally desired. Even if the donor continues to serve as the general partner of the partnership and acts in a trustee capacity for all partners, the gifted partnership units will not be included in the deceased donor / general partner’s estate.

Operation of a limited family partnership

As general partners, parents can accept a fair salary from society for their leadership skills. They can also establish whether the partnership will preserve or allocate income to its partners or whether they can lend funds to a limited partner. Parents can get money from the partnership to support their existing or retirement needs, subject to fiduciary standards (which are lower than those of a trustee). Wages paid to anyone in the partnership are subject to withholding as dictated by the IRS and the state in which the partnership operates.

A corporation is required to file tax returns annually. The federal return is Form 1065 and the state has an equivalent form. Any income received by the partners must be included in their corresponding tax return. Even if no distribution occurs, partners must claim the amounts reported on the K1 form provided by the association.

Taxes and insurance for a family limited partnership

When considering income taxes, all assets transferred from the partnership to the partners retain the same nature as with the partnership. IRS Income Resolution 83-147 explains the wealth taxes on life insurance owned by a partnership with one of its partners. The result should be the same as for business-owned life insurance. If the partnership is the beneficiary of the life insurance, then the insurance death benefit will be included in the partner’s estate only indirectly because of the change in the value of the deceased partner’s equity interest.

To avoid increasing the deceased partner’s partnership interest in a portion of the life insurance proceeds, the policy could include adult children as policy owners and beneficiaries at the beginning of the policy’s existence. General partners may distribute income to children as limited partners to pay the premiums for the policy owned by the children or the grantor of a trust created by the children. Grantors could direct the beneficiary’s estate in the event that the grantor dies before the father, which could help protect the cash value of the policy in the event of a divorce.

The risks of the family limited partnership

The IRS has issued, without administrative hearings, new regulations under IRC Subchapter K. In short, the IRS will rule out a partnership as an entity if the partnership’s primary function was to avoid income tax, either at startup or during operation. The proposed regulations are specific to income tax and do not apply to gift and inheritance tax assessments. This does not mean that the IRS will not deal with estate and gift appraisals in the future. There are costs involved in training and maintaining an FLP, including:

• Attorney fees to form the partnership (however, an attorney is not required
• Appraisal rates for underlying assets and “portions” of society that are gifted to family members of the younger generation;
• Accounting fees for the K-1 partnership and other financial assets;

Transfer tax costs, such as documentary stamps when transferring real estate. But for many investors, the benefits of well-planned FLPs easily outweigh the risks and costs.


Top 30 Fun Sight Word Games and Activities

Learning sight words is an important part of learning to read.

Sight words are words of service. They are not meant to sound. Learning these words helps the reader maintain fluency in reading without getting caught up in the meaning.

I like the Dolch Sight word list, but there are many other lists available. I like to place them on cards of about 12cm x 6cm.

Use these cards for fun 30 FUN ACTIVITIES AND WORD GAMES

1. Play Warship with sight words on a grid with a partner or
as a class.

2. Play coin toss – words on the floor – children take turns to
Flip a coin over a word and say that word.

3. Have a box of small blanks mini cards or paper you can
buy a large post that has notes on these days (approx.
10 cm x 2 cm) by hand at all times so that children can
write words from word walls, graphics, etc. and later
return the card to your writing. It is also useful
write words when doing writing lectures.

4. Play who I am? for example, I am yellow, I have 5 letters and
end in ___.

5. make a letter tornado graphic with chalk on a cement
floor, children place their feet and hands on the letters
to spell words.

6. Words around the world in sight – blink a word – first player
say a word of that pair passes to the next person
to make a pair and another word flashes, etc., etc.

7. Play Executioner using the words from the word card.

8. How fast can you find a certain word recognizable by sight in individual
read books while reading in small groups.

9. Play domino using the same final letter / initial letter.

10. Circle the letters within the words using a whiteboard marker on
Laminated cards of easily recognizable words.

11. Play Chinese whispers – say a word – pass it on.

12. Circle the smallest words inside words using white board
marker on laminated word cards.

13. Children go out and practice writing their words with
chalk on concrete.

14. Practice handwriting tracing words using
Whiteboard marker on laminated cards of recognizable words.

15. Place the recognizable word cards in plain sight on alphabetical order.

sixteen. Flashlight words turn off the lights, light a torch
words on display to look at and say.

17. Children make their own word wall / dictionary using
photocopied small words recognizable to the eye and scrapbooks labeled with a
alphabet letter on each page … can be added to
throughout the year.

18. Play tic tac toe, here I go, where I stop I don’t know
children say the word you stop at.

19. Cloze – children find the missing word
within a sentence.

20. Play musical words – children pass words in a
circulate until the music stops – that child says the word – can
be played with 1 or more words.

21. Come on, we have word walk / drive – find words in the environment –
signs etc.

22. make words using clay.

23. make words using glued thong.

24. Make words using letter tiles –scrabble pieces.

25. make words using templates.

26. make words using alphabet stamps.

27. make words using magnetic letters.

28. Play steps – place words on the ground and
the children walk on them saying the word while they go to search
across the stream.

29. Beat the clock – how many times can a word be written
in 1 minute, etc.

30. Children write their words in list form and then write
over words 2 or more times using different colors
create rainbow words.

There are many ways you can make teaching and learning sight words fun; I’m sure you can think of more too.


Do video games damage our brain?

If you play video games frequently, your brain changes: the more of the so-called gray mass is present in the hippocampus of the brain, the healthier the organ of thought is. The less they are present, the greater the risk of developing brain disease.

The League of Legends computer game is a phenomenon:

The computer game “League of Legends” is a phenomenon: around 100 million people around the world play it, usually “LoL”, as they say among the connoisseurs. The game, in which normally two teams with five members each compete against each other. The rules are complex and winning against other players requires strategic thinking.

Research confirms many positive effects:

The study published in mid-November 2017 from the University of York in England in the journal Plos One. It cannot be answered if gamers got smarter over the hours in front of the screen or if it just helps gamers smartest in the league, says psychologist Alexander Wade:

We bet on the latter.

Computer games are a common pastime for young people today. Research on the effects of computer gambling is also flourishing, producing hundreds of studies each year. After all, they want to know how this mass phenomenon influences the brain and behavior.

Contrary to popular belief, the results generally lead to computer games improving the brain functions involved. It’s pretty clear that many games don’t improve the entire IQ, but they do improve individual brain functions.

Only later did scientists demonstrate the positive effects of the game. Those who play regularly for an hour are better at quickly understanding situations, generating new knowledge, and classifying what they have learned into categories.

The reason for this is increased activity in the hippocampus, an area that is important for learning and that can be trained through computer games. But through excessive gambling, an average of fourteen hours per week, the so-called gray matter of the brain suffers in gamers, reduced in some places. This is found in the orbital frontal cortex, which belongs to the frontal lobe responsible for higher tasks. The more excessive his game, the greater the loss.

Just what does that mean? The volume of gray matter in which the nerve cells of the cortex settle varies greatly throughout life and depends on several factors; it’s hard to tell if a change is good or bad.

One thing is for sure: if you spend a lot of time on the screen, you don’t have enough time for other things. Neuroscientist Daphne Bavelier from the University of Geneva compares computer games to red wine:

It is a shame in large quantities. It may even have enjoyed moderate health benefits.

Health Fitness

Myths about burning belly fat

1. Myth about burning belly fat: Exercising makes you hungry, so you eat more

The fact is:

Don’t believe this myth or you’ll start skipping a workout here and there. The truth is, exercising actually suppresses your appetite. If you’re wondering the truth of this statement, it could be because your post-workout thirst mimics hunger (when you’re dehydrated), which is why you thought you were hungry.

Drink some water and it will not only quench your thirst, it will also quench your hunger pangs.

Extra motivation: The best part about exercising is that it increases your metabolism so that you burn calories and fat for a longer period of time.

2. Belly Fat Burning Myth: Your cardio workout only burns calories after about 15 minutes

The fact is:

Your body burns calories throughout the day, whether you are sitting, sleeping, or exercising. However, after the first 15 minutes or so of your workout, your body switches to fat as a fuel source.

Motivational bonus: weight loss ultimately depends on burning calories. You burn less fat if you run for twenty minutes, but you will burn more calories than if you take a long walk. The quick answer is to always choose the workout that burns the most calories. But more than anything, keep moving.

3. Myth of burning belly fat: high protein diets help you lose weight

The fact is:

Instead of concentrating on just one food, choose a balanced diet rich in lean protein (it helps you feel full longer and also helps balance your blood sugar, giving you energy for longer periods of time). Include carbohydrate-rich foods like fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, drink plenty of water, add exercise, and you will burn fat and not get it back. Add in some of the super foods, natural fat burning remedies, and detox tea too.

Motivation Bonus: Ultimately, the key to burning fat and losing weight is burning more calories than you consume.

Superfoods for belly fat

Superfoods are whole foods (unprocessed) that are naturally rich in nutrients and phytochemicals (they give foods their color and aroma) that can offer health benefits.

Here is a list of some of the best superfoods to add to your diet to maintain your health.


They are the botanical family that includes leeks, onions and garlic, they share many notable traits. They help lower blood pressure and cholesterol levels. Research suggests that they inhibit the growth of prostate, stomach, and colon cancer cells. They also have antibiotic properties to help prevent disease-causing bacteria.


The pigment betacyanin (a phytochemical) gives beets its distinctive color, but more than that, it is just one of several disease-fighting phytonutrients found in this tuber. Beets are also a good source of folic acid that protects against birth defects, colon cancer, and osteoporosis. They are also rich in fiber and beta carotene.


Fresh or frozen blueberries are rich in antioxidants that fight damage caused by inflammation. Anthocyanins (a phytochemical), the natural plant compounds that give blueberries their deep color, may also have antidiabetic effects, and new research suggests that blueberries may protect the heart.

Canned salmon

King, sockeye and coho salmon have more omega-3 fatty acids DHA plus EPA than almost any other shellfish, as well as some of the lowest levels of mercury. Nutritionally, wild-caught Alaska canned salmon is as good as fresh and costs a fraction more.

Cinnamon is the grocer’s gold medalist, with one of the highest antioxidant levels of all herbs and spices. It also has a positive effect on blood glucose levels, so adding it to food can make you feel stable and full.

Cruciferous vegetables

Cabbages, cauliflower, broccoli contain a powerful variety of disease fighters. One hero in particular, sulforaphane, can boost enzymes that reduce the incidence of colon and lung cancers.

Dark chocolate

Ahh yes. Fernando is so right. Dark chocolate can make or break your day. But why? High levels of antioxidants make dark chocolate a perfect treat. It is also high in flavonoids, substances that have been shown to improve blood flow, suppress coughs, improve memory, and bless you with hydrated, smooth skin. Research also shows that the natural ingredients in dark chocolate bear a striking similarity to a widely used mood stabilizing drug. To 1 oz. The daily dose of chocolate is now officially the doctor’s order.

Dark green leaves like spinach, seaweed, kale, and chard are an excellent source of iron, vitamin A, and lutein for healthy eyes. Best of all, they are loaded with omega-3s.

Flaxseed omega-3 fatty acids are becoming increasingly popular nutritional buzzwords, and for good reason! Research has revealed that they speed up cell metabolism and reduce inflammation in the body, thereby reducing triglyceride levels and lowering blood pressure. Caution: Since our bodies cannot break the shell of a whole flax seed, use ground flax seeds.

Hotties: Black Pepper, Cayenne, Ginger The heat on your tongue when you eat spices like ginger, cayenne, and black pepper is evidence of gingerols, capsaicin, and piperine, compounds that stimulate metabolism. They also have an aphrodisiac effect. Caution: Avoid consuming them if hot flashes bother you.

Miso, a fermented soybean paste, is a great source of low-calorie protein (two grams in a 25-calorie serving). It also contains B12 and is a good source of zinc that helps the immune system to function properly.

Seaweed (Hijiki, Wakame, Kelp, Nori)

Think of eating seaweed like going straight to the source – this is where fish get THEIR Omega-3s. Why not skip the fish and go straight to the seaweed? Seaweed contains nutrients commonly found in green leafy vegetables AND with most of the minerals found in the ocean, giving it a one-two effect. They are also packed with magnesium, which can prevent migraines and asthma attacks.

Spelled like whole wheat, ancient spelled is sweeter, nutier, and higher in protein than its processed relative. Both are also good sources of manganese and copper.

Sweet potatoes, whether orange or white, contain phytonutrients that promote heart and eye health and boost immunity. They are rich in beta-carotene (which is believed to reduce the risk of breast cancer) and vitamin A (can reduce the effects of smoking).

Turmeric, used in holistic medicine as a digestive aid and wound healing, can also serve as an anti-inflammatory. Look for curry (turmeric is a main ingredient) when nursing a toothache or sprain.


Of all nuts, walnuts contain the most omega-3 alpha-linolenic fatty acids that lower LDL (bad) cholesterol and can reduce inflammation in the arteries. Walnuts are also a great source of antioxidants, vitamin E, selenium, and magnesium.

Whole grains

Don’t eat whole grains (like buckwheat and quinoa) just because they are high in magnesium, B vitamins, fiber, and manganese. Make it because they have a great nutty, buttery, earthy flavor. And that, in turn, can help you avoid overeating. One study found that people feel fuller after eating buckwheat than after eating other grains.

Detox tea

Detox tea will not only flush toxins out of your system, it will also boost your metabolism and lose belly fat by cleansing your body.

Good luck on your weight loss journey!

Legal Law

Duties and responsibilities of a corporate attorney

A corporate attorney is a person who works for a corporate house or company or firm and specializes in corporate law. Corporate law is the study of how shareholders, directors, employees, creditors, and other stakeholders, such as consumers, the community, and the environment, interact with each other. Company law involves the study of the 2013 Company Law, etc. So, corporate law is part of a broader company law.

It is the duty of corporate attorneys to understand the laws and regulations to help the company and its clients work within the legal limits. The role of these attorneys is to ensure the legality of business practices and transactions. The other duties of corporate attorneys include ensuring the viability of business transactions, advising corporations on their legal rights and duties, including the duties and responsibilities of employers and other officials. To be effective in compliance, they must have knowledge of aspects of contract law, securities law, intellectual property rights, tax law, accounting law, bankruptcy law, licensing, and specific laws. of the business of the corporations for which they work. . You have to maintain confidentiality between the company and the company’s clients. This is so because if the company’s clients are not assured of confidentiality, they will be less likely to seek legal advice.

The work of corporate attorneys includes legal drafting, agreement review, agreement negotiation, and attending meetings with company clients. Handles the company’s in-house legal work with less or no litigation work. However, you have to assist the company’s outside attorneys in legal matters. Although they work for large companies, they can also be freelancers and hire many different companies. Generally, they serve a single client, that is, the corporation for which they work. As a corporate attorney, you are called upon to handle a variety of legal tasks including corporate tax, mergers and acquisitions, corporate structure matters, employment law, and various other legal matters. They generally need to be knowledgeable in a wide range of legal fields and will need to be able to handle a large number of issues. Some corporations hire multiple attorneys depending on the job and requirement, each of whom is a specialist in one or two areas of corporate law. So small corporations hire one or two attorneys, while larger corporations may have more than one or two attorneys, each with their own specialty. Generally, corporations such as banks, insurance companies, retail companies, hospitals, oil companies and biotechnology companies, manufacturing companies, energy and communications companies require full-time corporate attorneys.

To be a corporate lawyer, it is essential that you have a corporate law specialization course and this can be done by earning an LLM degree after completing the LLB course. An LLM course in corporate law will generally include work in corporate and securities law, contracts and commercial law, intellectual property rights, banking law, international trade law, and other areas.

Lifestyle Fashion

The Best Kept Secrets of Personal Magnetism, By: Wisdom JOY Makano

Author, Wisdom JOY Makano is a poet and philosopher. He has worked all his life studying ancient sources of knowledge, the wisdom of the sages, religious texts, philosophy and other esoteric volumes. His extensive research and wealth of knowledge has now culminated in his first book, The best kept secrets of personal magnetism. The principles in this document are based on the Golden Rule, “treat others as you would like to be treated.” The author says this is “the best rule of thumb and the key to influencing people.” It explains that this ancient doctrine was made famous by Jesus Christ and remains “the highest principle in the most remote societies”, and how this rule was also taught by ancient prophets and sages of many sects, including the Hebrews, Greeks, Chinese and the Indians.

There are explanations on how to use the laws of human nature and the golden rule for dynamic social or business change. You will see that integrity, gratitude, and a genuine “caring attitude” can open the doors to the practitioner’s success. The bottom line is that a person does not have to be chosen or special, but can come from any condition, however humble, and still achieve their heart’s desire by using these principles. However, principles should be used for good and not to manipulate others. Great men and women throughout time have used these proven techniques to change their personal lives and improve the world.

This is also a book on leadership and how to develop a winning style for any situation. Since we do not achieve success alone, we must learn to influence others who can help us achieve our goals and dreams. This is a guide and reference book on how to do that and the truths found here can be instantly tested with the people in life. They work equally well with family and friends as they do with business partners. The author invites the reader to test everything he has written to his own satisfaction before accepting his statements. Now, there is a winning formula in itself!

The best kept secrets of personal magnetism has quickly become one of my favorite personal achievement books since Think and get rich, it was popular (again) in the 1970s. Time Think and Grow Rich, by Napoleon Hill, and Og Mandino’s, The best seller in the world had a business feeling about them, The best kept secrets of personal magnetism,Written by Wisdom JOY Makano, it has a more holistic feel from the moment you open the book. The book is warm, welcoming, uplifting, and naturally motivating in the sense that it offers new hope for whatever one wants to achieve, whether it’s great leadership, more charm and charisma, or just wanting to be a happier person. The author says his book is for anyone who wants to differentiate themselves by developing their own personal magnetism, not for the purpose of manipulating it, but for the purpose of sharing their gifts with the world. I think it is also for the truth seeker, the philosopher, the teacher, the salesperson, and just about anyone who wants to improve any area of ​​their life. It is for the inspired and for those who want to be inspired again. Author, Wisdom JOY Makano, have three more books to be published soon, Exalted secrets of brilliant minds, The central mountain, and Emancipated intelligence. I believe each of these will be a treasure for anyone seeking the best in themselves and in others.